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3 Amazing Multiplication Strategies That Help Avoid Confusion

Knowing multiplication strategies can help students who need more than one way to solve a problem. For some students, one way may work well while for others, a different process is best. In this post, I’ll give you my top three strategies for solving multiplication problems.

How multiplication strategies help learners

Knowing multiplication strategies can help students who need more than one way to solve a problem. For some students, one way may work well while for others, a different process is best. In this post, I’ll give you my top three strategies for solving multiplication problems.

  • Arrays
  • Equal Groups
  • Repeated Addition

Knowing multiplication strategies can help students who need more than one way to solve a problem.

multiplication strategies

Multiplication arrays

A multiplication array is a visual representation of a multiplication problem, and it can make the learning process easier and more fun! The key is to break down the process and focus on understanding the relationship between numbers. The multiplication array is a useful tool that can help our students understand this concept. I have found it best to start with concrete objects in the classroom to model arrays. It is so important to model for students how to use objects to create an array. For example, show 3 pencils in a row (horizontal) with 4 pencils in each column (vertical) means 3 x 4 = 12.

Here are some example of objects you could use to introduce or practice multiplication arrays:

  • crayons
  • erasers
  • small toys
  • pencils
  • square tiles
multiplication strategies

REPEATED ADDITION

One of the most powerful ways to teach multiplication is through repeated addition. You can explain that 3 + 3 = 6, so 3 x 2 = 6, 4 + 4 = 8, and 4 x 2 = 8. As they get more comfortable with the concept, you can add in larger numbers to continue reinforcing the idea. Once your students have a strong foundation of understanding, you can work up to more advanced multiplication problems. Relating repeated addition to multiplication is a great way to help students to see the connection.

multiplication strategies

equal groups

Another very effective method of teaching multiplication is to use the concept of equal groups. This is a strategy that allows students to break down a multiplication question into smaller parts, making it easier for them to understand the answer. To begin, have students place a certain number of objects into different equal groups. For example, if the problem is 5 x 4, have the student place 20 objects into five equal groups. Doing this will make it much simpler for students to understand and solve the problem, as they can now see that 5 x 4 is the same as five groups of four.

multiplication strategies

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3 Amazing Multiplication Strategies That Help Avoid Confusion
multiplication strategies
multiplication strategies